Research, Development and License Agreement
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Research And Development [Abstract]|
|Research, Development and License Agreement||
In December 2020, we entered into the Bayer License Agreement to develop mesothelin-directed CAR T-cell therapies for the treatment of solid tumors, pursuant to which we granted to Bayer an exclusive, field-limited license under the applicable patents and know-how owned or controlled by us and our affiliates covering or related to ATA2271 and ATA3271 (the “Licensed Products”).
Under the terms of the Bayer License Agreement, we will be responsible at our cost for all mutually agreed preclinical and clinical activities for ATA2271 through the first in human Phase 1 clinical study in collaboration with MSK, following which Bayer will be responsible for the further development of ATA2271 at its cost. Bayer will be responsible for the development of ATA3271, except for certain mutually agreed preclinical, translational, manufacturing and supply chain activities to be performed by us relating to ATA3271, in each case at Bayer’s cost. Bayer will also be solely responsible for commercializing the Licensed Products at its cost.
In December 2020, we received an upfront cash payment of $45.0 million from Bayer for the exclusive license grant, net of applicable withholding taxes, which we believe are recoverable, and an additional $15.0 million upfront reimbursement payment for certain research and process development activities to be performed by us. We are also entitled to receive (i) up to an additional $5.0 million for additional, specified translational activities under the Bayer License Agreement, of which we have invoiced $1.3 million, and (ii) an aggregate of up to $610.0 million in milestone payments upon achieving certain development, regulatory and commercial milestones relating to the Licensed Products. In addition, we are eligible to receive from Bayer tiered royalties at percentages up to low double digits on worldwide net product sales of the Licensed Products on a country-by-country and product-by-product basis until the later of 12 years after the first commercial sale in such country or the expiration of specified patent rights in such country, subject to certain reductions and aggregate minimum floors.
We will negotiate a separate manufacturing and supply agreement with Bayer for us to manufacture allogeneic mesothelin-directed CAR T-cell therapies for Bayer to use in clinical trials at a price based on our costs plus a margin, which is consistent with our standalone selling price. Bayer and we have formed a joint steering committee (“JSC”) that will provide oversight, decision making and implementation guidance regarding the collaboration activities covered under the agreement.
We assessed this arrangement in accordance with ASC 606 and concluded that the promises in the Bayer License Agreement represent transactions with a customer. We concluded that the Bayer License Agreement contains the following promises: (i) a development and commercialization license; (ii) performance of early-stage research and development (“R&D”) services, including technology transfer services; (iii) JSC participation; and (iv) chemistry, manufacturing and control (“CMC”) services. In accordance with ASC 606, we determined that the license, early-stage R&D and CMC services were not distinct from each other, as the license, early-stage R&D and CMC services are highly interdependent upon one another. Participation on the JSC to oversee the research and development activities are combined into the single performance obligation as these activities are highly interdependent with the other R&D and CMC services. Accordingly, we determined that these promises should be combined into a single performance obligation.
Under the Bayer License Agreement, in order to evaluate the appropriate transaction price, we determined that the $45.0 million upfront payment for the license, $15.0 million for certain research and process development activities and the $5.0 million for additional specified translational activities, to be billed based on certain criteria being met, constituted the entire consideration to be included in the transaction price at the outset of the arrangement, and this amount was allocated to the single performance obligation. The potential development and commercial milestone payments that we are eligible to receive were excluded from the transaction price, as all milestone amounts were fully constrained based on the probability of achievement. None of the future royalty and sales-based milestone payments were included in the transaction price, as the potential payments represent sales-based consideration. We will reevaluate the transaction price at the end of each reporting period and as uncertain events are resolved or other changes in circumstances occur, and, if necessary, adjust our estimate of the transaction price.
We will utilize a cost-based input method to measure its progress toward completion of its performance obligation and to calculate the corresponding amount of revenue to recognize each period, as we determined the cost-based input method to be the best measure of progress, as other measures do not reflect how we transfer our performance obligation to Bayer. In applying the cost-based input method of revenue recognition, revenue will be recognized based on the amount of actual costs incurred relative to the total budgeted costs expected to be incurred for the combined performance obligation. A cost-based input method of revenue recognition requires us to make estimates of costs to complete our performance obligation. In making such estimates, significant judgment is required to evaluate assumptions related to cost estimates. The cumulative effect of revisions to estimated costs to complete our performance obligation will be recorded in the period in which changes are identified and amounts can be reasonably estimated. Revenue associated with the combined performance obligation is being recognized over the initial estimated contract term of three years. The transfer of control occurs over this time period and, in our judgment, is the best measure of progress towards satisfying the performance obligation. A significant change in these assumptions and estimates could have a material impact on the timing and amount of revenue recognized in future periods.
During the year ended December 31, 2020, we did not recognize any revenue under Bayer License Agreement. Deferred revenue related to the agreement with Bayer amounted to $61.3 million as of December 31, 2020, of which $33.5 million is included in current liabilities and $27.8 million is included in long-term liabilities, is expected to be recognized over the next three years. No development or sales-based milestone payments were received during the year ended December 31, 2020.